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Cirque du Soleil [ You are here: Grand Chapiteau | Historia | 1985 ]




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With a burning desire to return circus tradition to the esteem and quality it knew at the beginning of the twentieth century, the Cirque du Soleil troupe welcomed Guy Caron, head of the National Circus School, as Artistic Director. Caron had toured the world to discover new trends in life entertainment of all kinds and he brought that knowledge and know-how to Cirque du Soleil, which revamps the show: he wanted strong emotional music, played from the beginning by musicians; he wanted to emulate the Moscow Circus’ method of having the acts tell a story; and most of all, have performers, rather than technical crew, move equipment and props on and off the stage so as not to disrupt the momentum of the storyline. The rationale: to draw the audience more into the performance.

Therefore, for 1985 the Cirque presented a totally new concept: a striking, dramatic mix of the circus arts and street entertainment, featuring wild, outrageous costumes, staged under magical lighting and set to original music. With not a single animal in the ring, Cirque's difference was clear from the very start. The positive response from the audience encourages Laliberte to expand Cirque’s operations outside Quebec. So after performing in Montreal, Sherbrook and Quebec City, Cirque du Soleil leaves its home province for the first time to take its show to neighboring Ontario. Performances are given under a brand new 1,500 seat big top in Ottawa, Toronto and Niagara Falls to over 137,000 spectators. The Cirque is made for travelling and the blue and yellow tent quickly becomes a symbol of Quebec youth and artistic energy.

But the troupe receives lukewarm responses outside Quebec. In Toronto, for example, the company performs in front of a 25% capacity crowd after not having enough money to properly market the show. (Gilles Ste-Croix dressed in a monkey suit and walked through downtown Toronto in a desperate attempt to draw some publicity.) The stop at Niagara Falls turns out to be equally problematic, as Cirque du Soleil underestimates the amount of time visitors spend in the area. Although thousands upon thousands visit, they’re only there for a brief period of time – not long enough to take in a show. As a result Cirque du Soleil finds itself in dire financial straits – to the tune of $750,000 USD. Several factors prevented Cirque from going bankrupt at the end of 1985. The Desjardins Group, which was Cirque du Soleil's financial institution at the time, covered about $200,000 in debt payments. Also, a financier named Daniel Lamarre, who worked for one of the largest public relations firms in Quebec, represented the company for free, knowing that they didn't have the money to pay his fee. And the Quebec government itself, realizing what they could have on their hands, came through, and granting Laliberté enough money to stay solvent for another year.

Whipped, but not beaten, Cirque brings the 1985 tour back to Montreal before pushing on.

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